Capstone Project Change Proposal

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Capstone Project Change Proposal

Running Head: THE CASE FOR SOCIAL DISTANCE IN PG COUNTY 1

THE CASE FOR SOCIAL DISTANCE IN PG COUNTY 5

The Case for Social Distance in PG County

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The Case for Social Distance in PG County

Introduction section

Prince George County is a locality under the threat of COVID19 surge if the disease spreading patterns that are dominating today’s news are anything to go by. However, there is room for securing the public from the pandemic through the several available measures some of which were approved in pre-Covid19 academic world and others suggested by other current studies. This section of research seeks to inform the study on what is already known and the evidence that can be relied on by this inquiry on matters pertaining social distancing. Through the comparison of the various studies, the paper will identify important insights to use while weaving a solution to the fast spread of corona virus.

A comparison of research questions

This research initiative by Prince George County community hospital seeks to understand the value of enforcing social distance on the population as the way towards slowing the spreading speed of COVID19 by understanding whether social distancing has been used in other different settings and the likelihood of its effectiveness in this locality. In 2018, Kim and others undertook a research that wanted to identify the effectiveness of other studies in controlling the spread of aerosols in relatively closed areas. The group of researchers had a similar pursuit- that of understanding the mechanism through which people spread apart have low likelihood of spreading the virus as suggested elsewhere. The study identified that aerosols are contained in tiny droplets of saliva and the pathogens will have fallen in a distance of one and a half meters (Kim et al., 2018). The experts therefore offer an academically proven basis for localizing the same research findings in PG County.

In yet another study, researchers sought to understand the significance of using social distance to control the spread of aerosols caused diseases. The study found out that a distance of two meters cuts the spread of the virus from person to person (Joppolo & Romano, 2017). This is the same aspect under investigation by the PG community team only that the contexts of the studies are quite different.

A comparison of sample populations

The entire population in the subject county is 909,327. The most optimally reasonable sample size will fall in the range of a previously done study. In 2018 Xu and Liu undertook a study that sought to understand the effectiveness of social distancing in highly populated areas. The sample population for this research, especially those that will be selected from the urban areas of the locality. In their study, the duo identified that in highly occupied areas, social distance is mandatory as closeness to public gatherings promotes the likelihood of one catching the virus. Their target area had individuals who have a social culture that harbors high numbers of close social encounters. This is the same aspect that characterizes the behavior of the PG County. After undertaking a research from this sample setting, the two experts identified that the higher the rate of public gathering, the higher the spread rates of airborne diseases (Xu & Liu, 2018). The work by Xu and Liu offers the academic context upon which it has been concluded that high convergence of people fastens the rates of airborne diseases spreading.

A comparison of the limitations of the study

The COVID19 pandemic does not permit for a comprehensive and thorough research works to be undertaken. This claim is based on the urgency of the solution to contain the disease. The motive of undertaking research was to inform health and government policy at a time when the pandemic is sweeping fast across states and country. This situation robs us the much time needed to study this remedy understand its capacity in similar future infections. This context is similar to the one present when Kaur and four others did a research in order to understand the effects of timely social distancing. The study concluded that studies have to address themselves to the timeliness of studies as doing so gives the research works the support they need in terms of cooperative respondents and study facilitations from policy bodies (Kaur et al., 2020). The scholars provide persuasive reasons upon which to justify the reasonably hurried research processes. It is on this basis that the study seeks to go past the time limitation to meet the urgent need for solution.

Conclusion

In conclusion, there is enough evidence on the efficacy of social distance in slowing the spread of the COVID19 pandemic. Already research works have suggested that when people live in set ups where they often meet and have close social engagements with others, there are higher rates of the virus spread. However, these studies are only subject to their own localities necessitating a more local study to identify local remedies which are fitting to our situation. Secondly, the studies provide the medical knowledge upon which the case for social distance is based. This revelation provides the basis for an academic curiosity towards providing the same in our locality.

References

Joppolo, C. M., & Romano, F. (2017). HVAC system design in healthcare facilities and control of aerosol contaminants: issues, tools, and experiments. In Indoor Air Quality in Healthcare Facilities (pp. 83-94). Springer, Cham

Kaur, S., Bherwani, H., Gulia, S., Vijay, R., & Kumar, R. (2020). Understanding COVID-19 transmission, health impacts and mitigation: timely social distancing is the key. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-17.

Kim, K. H., Kabir, E., & Jahan, S. A. (2018). Airborne bioaerosols and their impact on human health. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 67, 23-35.

Xu, C., & Liu, L. (2018). Personalized ventilation: one possible solution for airborne infection control in highly occupied space?.

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